## What are saturated logic families?

**Saturated Bipolar Logic Families are:**

- Diode logic (DL)
- Resistor Transistor Logic (RTL)
- Diode Transistor Logic (DTL)
- Integrated Injection Logic (IIL or I2L)
- Transistor Transistor Logic (TTL)

## What is RTL DTL TTL and CMOS?

The families (

**RTL, DTL**, and ECL) were derived from the logic circuits used in early computers, originally implemented using discrete components. One example is the Philips NORBIT family of logic building blocks. … Present-day “building block” logic gate ICs are based on the ECL, TTL, CMOS, and BiCMOS families.## What is a unipolar logic family?

In unipolar logic families, unipolar devices are

**the key element**. MOSFET (Metal Oxide Semiconductor Field Effect Transistor) is a unipolar device, in which the current flows because of only one type of charge carriers (that is, either electrons or holes). The examples of unipolar families include PMOS, NMOS, and CMOS.## Which one is the fastest saturated logic family?

Emitter-coupled-logic

**Emitter-coupled-logic (ECL)**is a BJT logic family that is generally considered the fastest logic available. ECL achieves its high-speed operation by employing a relatively small voltage swing and preventing the transistors from entering the saturation region.

## What is RTL logic family?

The resistor-transistor Logic(RTL) circuit is

**one of the basic logic circuits in**digital logic families. It is a bipolar saturated device. The RTL logic is popular because of its simplicity. The RTL circuit consists of resistors at inputs and transistors at the output side. Transistors are used as the switching device.## Which is the main difference between TTL and DTL?

Comparison between RTL, DTL, and TTL

SL NO. | RTL Logic | TTL Logic |
---|---|---|

1 | Built with Resistor and Transistor | Built with Transistors |

2 | Slow Response | Much better than RTL and DTL |

3 | High Power Loss | Low Power Loss |

4 | Very simple in construction and operation | Complex in construction and operation |

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Dec 6, 2021

## Which is the most commonly used logic family?

Transistor-transistor logic

Explanation:

**Transistor-transistor logic**is the most widely employed logic family. It is the most popular logic family.## What are the advantages of CMOS over DTL?

The main advantage of CMOS logic family is

**their extremely low power consumption**. This is because there is no direct conducting path from Vdd to ground in either of input conditions. So there is practically zero power dissipation in STATIC conditioms.## Which logic family is fastest of all logic families?

Emitter-coupled logic (ECL)

**Emitter-coupled logic (ECL)**is a BJT-based logic family which is generally considered as the fastest logic available.

## How many logic families are there?

**Four**major logic families that predominated from the 1970’s through the 1990’s are Transistor-Transistor Logic (TTL), Complementary Metal-Oxide-Semiconductor Logic (CMOS, pronounced sea-moss), Low Voltage TTL Logic (LVTTL), and Low Voltage CMOS Logic (LVCMOS). Their logic levels are compared in Table 1.4.

## What are the characteristics of logic families?

**The main characteristics of Logic families include:**

- Speed.
- Fan-in.
- Fan-out.
- Noise Immunity.
- Power Dissipation.

## Which is faster TTL or CMOS?

**TTL chips are generally faster than CMOS gates**(but see ACT series), however there are two logic technologies faster than TTL-Emitter-coupled logic (ECL) and gallium arsenide (GaAs). These chips come at considerable cost in power consumption and ease of interface to other logic families.

## Which was the first logic family?

The first, and oldest, family is

**TTL**. TTL stands for ‘transistor-transistor logic’, this logic family having replaced the older (now obsolete) DTL—diode-transistor logic. The second logic family is CMOS (pronounced ‘sea-moss’) which stands for ‘complementary metal oxide semiconductor’.## What is digital logic family?

Digital logic family is

**a group of logic gates constructed using passive devices**like a resistor, transistor, diodes, etc. Such devices have compatible logic levels and supply voltage with certain characteristics.## What is difference TTL and CMOS?

CMOS stands for Complimentary Metal-oxide Semicodictor while in TTL stand for Transistor-Transistor Logic. CMOS circuit uses a field-effect transistor by connecting NMOS and PMOS, the TTL circuit uses bipolar junction transistor. The design of the CMOS can be considered to be

**very simpler**as compared to the TTL.## What are the types of logic family?

Types of Logic Family

The logic families which fall under the first kind are called bipolar families, this include **diode logic (DL), emitted coupled logic (ECL), resistor transistor logic (RTL), diode transistor logic (DTL), transistor transistor logic (TTL)**.

## What is Diode gate?

OR logic gate

The diode symbol is **an arrow showing the forward low impedance direction of current flow**. All diodes have inputs on their anodes and their cathodes are connected together to drive the output. … If any input A OR B OR C is 1, the output will be 1. Only if all inputs, A and B and C are 0 will the output be 0.

## What are the different types of logic gates?

The basic logic gates are classified into seven types:

**AND gate, OR gate, XOR gate, NAND gate, NOR gate, XNOR gate, and NOT gate**.## What is unipolar and bipolar logic families?

The examples of unipolar families include.

**PMOS, NMOS, and CMOS**. Bipolar Logic Family: Transistors and diodes are bipolar. devices, in which the current flows because of both the. charge carriers (electrons and holes).## What is latch circuit?

In electronics, a flip-flop or latch is a

**circuit that has two stable states and can be used to store state information**– a bistable multivibrator. … Flip-flops and latches are fundamental building blocks of digital electronics systems used in computers, communications, and many other types of systems.## What are logic gates explain?

A logic gate is

**an idealized model of computation or physical electronic device implementing a Boolean function, a logical operation performed on one or more binary inputs that produces a single binary output**. … In reversible logic, Toffoli gates are used.## What is a diode symbol?

In circuit diagrams, a diode is represented by

**a triangle with a line across one vertex**. … The most common type of diode uses a p-n junction.## What is clock pulse in flip-flop?

A clock pulse is

**a time varying voltage signal applied to control the operation (triggering) of a flip flop**. For example, if a clock pulse is of frequency 1 Hz, the voltage it will supply will oscillate between X Volts and Y Volts(X and Y are any dc voltages), and this change occurs every half second.## Which logic gates are universal?

The

**NAND and NOR gates**are universal gates. In practice, this is advantageous since NAND and NOR gates are economical and easier to fabricate and are the basic gates used in all IC digital logic families.## Is flip-flop and latch same?

Flip-flop is a

**bistable device**i.e., it has two stable states that are represented as 0 and 1. Latch is also a bistable device whose states are also represented as 0 and 1. It checks the inputs but changes the output only at times defined by the clock signal or any other control signal.